The development of the placenta is an amazing process but it is often forgotten due to the miracle of birth itself. But you can’t deny the essential role of the placenta in the development of a baby. And the most common questions that i’ve been asked are what is it and when does the placenta take over.
What is placenta?
It is an organ that maintains the balance of hormone, provides nutrition for the baby to develop and protect the baby. A
ll-and-all, it makes sure the pregnancy happen without any problems. And when the child is born, the doctor also take placenta out of the mother’s uterus because there is no reason for it to being there when the baby has left.
Where does it come from?
In the third week – the ovary’s follicle collapses and start to produce progesterone hormone. It continue doing this for the next 9 weeks
In the fourth week – the uterus was cover with a collection of cells. And some of these cells split up and attach themselves to the deeper part of the uterine wall. The other cells will be forming toes, finger, hair, etc. Meanwhile, those cells that have split up will form an organ that covers all the embryo and everything around it. This organ is called “the placenta”. It will take the responsible for keeping the embryo alive for the rest of the second trimester.
When will it take over?
From 4th week to 12th week – t
he placenta continues to grow bigger and bigger. Large blood vessels that were formed by the original cells will receive nutrition and oxygen from the placenta and deliver it to the baby. And in the 12th week, the placenta will finish the takeover. But it still grows bigger as the baby develop. In single birth, there can only be one placenta. But for twins, the number of the placenta could be very different compared to each other. If the twins are fraternal, there will be 2 different placenta for each baby. When they are identical twins, the number of placenta depend on the moment the collection of cell show up. If the two embryos haven’t split up yet, then those cells will cover both embryo and form a placenta. But if they have already split up, the cells will cover them both and form two placenta around them just like fraternal twins.
Common problems with placenta
Your way of living, eating, and working is the most important factor that affects the development of the placenta. If you could provide a healthy lifestyle, there shouldn’t be any problem with the placenta during your pregnancy. But even when you have done all these, there still chance that thing could go wrong. So you should careful when dealing with these matters:
Unstable blood pressure – Too high or too low blood pressure aren’t good for you baby either. If you have a history of having this, you should careful when working and try not to be too emotional.
Age of the mother – When the women getting older, the uterus become less stable and their chance of having a baby are lesser. And during pregnancy, the age of the mother can be a serious factor that affects the placenta.
Having two babies or more – This can be a serious problem if the mother uterus isn’t big enough to contain her babies. The different placenta can crash into each other and broken. That is why giving birth to twins or triplets is often very risky.
And vaginal bleeding, uterus contraction, back pain are also serious problems. Remember to see your doctor right away if you encounter one or more of these problems.